Copper Ore Processing Energy Used

  • From Ore to Finished Product Copper

    Copper From Beginning to End Copper is a major metal and an essential element used by man It is found in ore deposits around the world It is also the oldest metal known to man and was first discovered and used about 10 000 years ago And as alloyed in bronze copper tin alloy about 3000 BC was the first engineering material known to man

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  • Estimates of Electricity Requirements for the Recovery of

    Generalized electricity requirements for mining and heap leaching copper oxide Table 14 Estimated electricity requirements for mining beneficiation smelting and refining for copper oxide ores and sulfide ores 38 Table 15 Generalized electricity requirements for mining and processing diamondiferous kimberlitic and lamprolitic pipes weathered and fresh from selected open

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  • Energy Renewables about 60% of total copper use is for

    The primary use of copper in wind energy technologies is in the coil windings in the stator and rotor portions of the generator in the high voltage power cable conductors transformer coils and earthing Photovoltaics Copper forms part of the materials presently used for photovoltaic solar cells in the technology s cabling earthing inverter transformers and photovoltaic cell ribbons

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  • Energy and Environmental Profile of the Mining Industry 5

    Energy and Environmental Profile of the Mining Industry 5 Copper For nearly 5 000 years copper was the only metal known to man It remains one of the most used and reused of all metals The demand for copper is due to its good strength and fatigue resistance excellent electrical and thermal conductivity outstanding resistance to corrosion and ease of fabrication Copper offers

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  • Electrolytic Refining Metallurgist Mineral Processing

    2016 05 24· If an ore contains precious metals it is most unlikely that they will be recovered as for instance the dilute sulphuric acid used for leaching copper and zinc ores and calcines do not dissolve gold or silver The application of electro winning methods is therefore usually limited to ores which do not contain precious metals in sufficient amount to justify their recovery to light metal

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  • How much energy does it take on average to produce 1

    Copper from sulfide ore 60 125MJ 16 600 to 34 700 watt hours Aluminum from a typical mix of 80% virgin and 20% recycled aluminum 219 MJ 60 800 watt hours Silicon from silica 230 235MJ 63 900 to 65 300 watt hours Nickel from ore concentrate 230 270MJ 63 900 to 75 000 watt hours

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  • Copper Mining and Production Processes Explained

    The copper is then recovered by electrolysis This process is known as SX EW solvent extraction/electrowinning Advantages of these processes are Much less energy is used than in traditional mining No waste gases are given off Low capital investment Ability to be operated economically on a small scale It can be used on ore with as little as % copper for this reason

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  • List of copper ores Wikipedia

    Following are the list of minerals that serve as copper ores in the copper mining process Name Formula % Copper when pure Chalcopyrite CuFeS 2 Chalcocite Cu 2 S Covellite CuS Bornite 2Cu 2 S·CuS·FeS Tetrahedrite Cu 3 SbS 3 x Fe Zn 6 Sb 2 S 9 32 45 Digenite Cu 9 S 5 Malachite CuCO 3 •Cu OH 2 Azurite 2CuCO 3 ·Cu OH 2 Cuprite

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  • Copper Production How Is Copper Made ThoughtCo

    2019 09 26· Copper processing is a complex process that involves many steps as the manufacturer processes the ore from its raw mined state into a purified form for use in many industries Copper is typically extracted from oxide and sulfide ores that contain between and % copper

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  • MINERAL AND ENERGY RESOURCES Earth Sci

    The copper concentration in copper ore deposits has shown changes throughout history From 1880 to about 1960 the grade of copper ore showed a steady decrease from about 3% to less than 1% mainly due to increased efficiency of mining From about 1960 to 1980 the grade increased to over 1% due to increasing costs of energy and an abundant supply produced by cheaper labor in other countries

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  • Energy and Environmental Profile of the Mining Industry 5

    Energy and Environmental Profile of the Mining Industry 5 Copper For nearly 5 000 years copper was the only metal known to man It remains one of the most used and reused of all metals The demand for copper is due to its good strength and fatigue resistance excellent electrical and thermal conductivity outstanding resistance to corrosion and ease of fabrication Copper offers

    Get Price
  • Copper extraction Wikipedia

    Copper extraction refers to the methods used to obtain copper from its conversion of copper consists of a series of physical and electrochemical processes Methods have evolved and vary with country depending on the ore source local environmental regulations and other As in all mining operations the ore must usually be beneficiated concentrated

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  • The Extraction of Copper Chemistry LibreTexts

    2021 06 07· Extracting copper from its ores The method used to extract copper from its ores depends on the nature of the ore Sulfide ores such as chalcopyrite CuFeS 2 are converted to copper by a different method from silicate carbonate or sulfate ores Chalcopyrite also known as copper pyrites and similar sulfide ores are the commonest ores of copper The ores typically contain low

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  • Copper Smelting Process Furnaces Used By Products and

    2010 04 09· Modern copper smelters use processed copper ore fed into a flash furnace typically fired by oxygen which produces blister copper being further processed in a converter furnace Molten copper is poured from here into rectangular moulds the resulting ingots subjected to electrolysis producing a metal of % purity Copper can be recycled indefinitely without the base metal being compromised

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  • Energy Renewables about 60% of total copper use is for

    The primary use of copper in wind energy technologies is in the coil windings in the stator and rotor portions of the generator in the high voltage power cable conductors transformer coils and earthing Photovoltaics Copper forms part of the materials presently used for photovoltaic solar cells in the technology s cabling earthing inverter transformers and photovoltaic cell ribbons

    Get Price
  • Copper Mining and Processing Processing Copper Ores

    Copper processing is a complicated process that begins with mining of the ore less than 1% copper and ends with sheets of % pure copper called cathodes which will ultimately be made into products for everyday most common types of ore copper oxide and copper sulfide undergo two different processes hydrometallurgy and pyrometallurgy respectively due to the different

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  • Copper Production Processes Total Materia Article

    The old traditional process is based on roasting smelting in reverbatory furnaces or electric furnaces for more complex ores producing matte and converting for production of blister copper which is further refined to cathode copper This route for production of cathode copper requires large amounts of energy per ton of copper 30 40 million

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  • 2 Copper

    Underground mining is used when the copper ore is not near the earth s surface Miners dig a shaft into the ore deposit vertically or a horizontal tunnel or adit in order to do this Mining then follows the vein of ore and the underground mine develops In both mining techniques the mined ore must be removed from the mine and transported to a plant for processing and refining Trucks and

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  • Copper Production How Is Copper Made ThoughtCo

    2019 09 26· Copper processing is a complex process that involves many steps as the manufacturer processes the ore from its raw mined state into a purified form for use in many industries Copper is typically extracted from oxide and sulfide ores that contain between and % copper

    Get Price
  • Copper Production Processes Total Materia Article

    The old traditional process is based on roasting smelting in reverbatory furnaces or electric furnaces for more complex ores producing matte and converting for production of blister copper which is further refined to cathode copper This route for production of cathode copper requires large amounts of energy per ton of copper 30 40 million

    Get Price
  • Copper demand supply and associated energy use to 2050

    2016 07 01· On the other side the extraction and processing of copper ores are energy intensive which will lead to an increase in the global environmental change as a result of CO 2 and other emissions unless the energy demanded for copper is provided by renewable technologies It is also important to reduce the energy use in copper production either by increasing the recycling rate or by increasing

    Get Price
  • 2 Copper

    Underground mining is used when the copper ore is not near the earth s surface Miners dig a shaft into the ore deposit vertically or a horizontal tunnel or adit in order to do this Mining then follows the vein of ore and the underground mine develops In both mining techniques the mined ore must be removed from the mine and transported to a plant for processing and refining Trucks and

    Get Price
  • Clean energy The world s demand for copper could be

    2021 04 07· The world s demand for copper could be catastrophic for communities and environments April 7 2021 EDT • Updated April 12 2021 EDT The benefits of switching to clean energy

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  • Capabilities Metallurgist Mineral Processing Engineer

    Heap leaching is a common mineral processing technique used to extract precious metals Au and Ag copper uranium and other constituents First ore is stacked onto an impermeable plastic liner Then a solution containing reagents specific to the targeted constituent or constituents is dispersed using a drip or sprinkler system The solution percolates through the heap extracting

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  • Explainer These six metals are key to a low carbon future

    2018 04 12· Global copper ore quality is declining over time for example meaning copper mining requires excavating twice as much ore as 10 years ago to yield the same amount of copper This means more mine waste and greenhouse gas emissions although research has shown a shift to other available technologies and more efficient processes could go some way to addressing this impact

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  • Copper Mining and Extraction Sulfide Ores

    This is either sold for industrial use or used to extract oxide ores of copper by leaching Stage 4 Smelting with fluxes The calcine is heated to over 1200 °C with fluxes such as silica and limestone The calcine melts and reacts with the fluxes Some impurities form a slag such as 2 which floats on the surface of the liquid like oil on water and is easily removed Courtesy of

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  • Energy Efficiency Copper Hydrometallurgy

    Energy Consumption For Copper Extraction Process Route Total Energy Consumption2 kJ/lb % Reduction Crush heap leach SX EW Base case with alternative anodes with ferrous/ferric reaction 15 449 14 966 13 835 % % SAG mill ball mill float smelt refine Base case HPGR ball mill float smelt refine SAG mill ball mill float HT Concentrate Leach SAG mill ball mill float

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  • Chapter 6 Copper Production Technology

    Copper ores Copper ore other minerals waste gangue Copper minerals b iron and other pyrites byproducts andgangue Solution of copper and leaching agent20 50 water orHAO Copper iron /0 trace amounts of85 90 silica and aluminum oxides and oxygen Organic solvent and pregnantIeachate 25 35 then organiccopper miXtUre plUs H2S04 Copper with

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  • Energy and materials flows in the copper industry

    Primary production uses about 170 x 10/sup 12/ Btu total energy annually about 100 x 10/sup 6/ Btu/ton pure copper produced from ore Mining and milling use about 60% of the total consumption because low grade ore % copper is now being mined Most copper is extracted by smelting sulfide ores with concomitant production of sulfur dioxide

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  • Copper demand supply and associated energy use to 2050

    2016 07 01· On the other side the extraction and processing of copper ores are energy intensive which will lead to an increase in the global environmental change as a result of CO 2 and other emissions unless the energy demanded for copper is provided by renewable technologies It is also important to reduce the energy use in copper production either by increasing the recycling rate or by increasing

    Get Price
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